How Do Exosomes Work?

How Do Exosomes Work

For a long time, microscopic entities known as Exosomes were overlooked as nothing more than scrap waste. However, over time, new discoveries have shown how vital they are to repairing damaged tissue.

Where Do They Come From?

Exosomes are one of two types of cells known as extracellular vesicles, the other being microparticles. They are only a couple nanometers in size. Extracellular vesicles can come from different parts of the cell. Inside of a cell, a part of the membrane wall forms inward. This creates a special form of lipid vesicle called an endosome. In layman’s terms, the endosome is like a small pocket or bubble inside of the cell. 

Proteins, microRNA, and messenger RNA become enclosed within the endosome ‘pocket’ membrane. These proteins and RNA are now trapped together inside the endosome. Trapped inside the ‘pocket’, they become an extracellular vesicle. 

In order for the newly created extracellular vesicle to now get out of the endosome and the cell, the endosome has to fuse with the surface of the cell. This releases the extracellular vesicle out of the cell. 

Think of it like pulling your pocket inside out to get rid of lint. Except, exosomes are way more powerful than lint.

What Do Exosomes Do?

Extracellular vesicles used to be regarded as merely being leftover waste of the cells. However, when researchers looked at these microscopic bits more they realized something incredible. These extracellular vesicles were actually a clever method of passing messages back and forth between cells. 

Because of their small size, exosomes  are able to pass between cell membranes. They act as mail carriers delivering instructions and information between cells. When the raw building materials of the body, known as stem and progenitor cells, don’t know what to do, exosomes step in to guide them. 

These signals also request the body to send more stem cells to the area, organizing an effective and well-regulated process of healing. 

ExoFlo, the leading product in exosome therapy, is made by Direct Biologics. They’re certified by the FDA’s regulations on Current Good Manufacturing Practice. Each cc of ExoFlo contains over 10 Billion exosomes. For more information, we have an extensive amount of details on this ExoFlo page
If you’d like to learn more about ExoFlo and which treatment would best fit your individual situation, please book an appointment or call our direct line (720) 263-9344. We look forward to hearing from you!